What will you be fishing for? Where will you be fishing? These are the questions you need to answer before you start buying your gear. Wrong gear equals no fish. So take the time to do your homework and your gear does not always have to be the most expensive on the list. It has to suit you as well as its purpose. For starters fishing rod types are for some of these following purposes: Baitcasting; Flyfishing; Icefishing; Offshore; Spin casting; Spinning; Surf; Trolling; Freshwater. Take your pick.
Today’s fishing rods have incorporated modern features that are not typical of the more primitive cane pole. Modern fishing rods contain reels, which aid in the retrieval of fish caught in its bait.
A much-sophisticated feature is the spinning rod where the entire shaft of the rod except the handle can move around on its axis to allow flexibility when a fish caught on snare bait struggles through the water.
Like the classic cane fishing rods, the fishing gadget is thick at the handle (bottom) and is tapered and thinner at the tip. This very basic design allows handling stability and flexible movement of the entire length of the shaft.
Types of Fishing Rods and Specifications
A typical fishing rod measures 6 and 16 feet (2 and 5 m) and varies in capability to tolerate strain in fishing activity. The length has a lot to do with withstanding force exerted by the fish to the pole and determines for the most part the performance of rods used for angling.
Cane poles are one of the smallest and less sophisticated gadgets in fishing. They are usually made of bamboo or other flexible wood material with the most basic fly line attached to it.
Unlike other more sophisticated fishing rods, cane poles do not usually contain reels or its equivalent to be used for reeling in or retrieving fish caught on bait. This very same action is known as angling.
These types of rods are the most popular today. They can be used either for heavyweight or lightweight fish although they were proven best for trout, walleye and bass fish. They vary in measurements from 5 and 7 feet (1.5 and 2.5 m).
Spinning poles are commonly used in bass fishing competition accounting for their flexibility and tolerance to stress. They accommodate bigger and tougher fly lines and stabilize them to avoid line tangles during uncoiling of float lines.
These rods are best for heavy lures and baits especially when reaching around 180 to 200 feet under the ocean’s surface. They are made of fine, solid materials which account for their heaviness. The use of jigging rods is specifically due to alternating currents during the fishing activity.
Some oceans have erratic undersea currents. That is why the bait and fly lines should be kept in place. Lures are also disturbed and cause confusion among fish if the lines are not long and heavy enough to withstand and tolerate water currents under the sea.
These rods are best for target fishes usually found dwelling at the bottom of the sea such as halibut and cods.